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Termite infestations in homes will often go undetected by homeowners for many years as it is difficult to distinguish evidence of activity. Termites will hide in walls or in crawl spaces or in other inaccessible areas within a house. They're sneaky. They dont want to be found or even be out in the sunlight. .
Most termite species are native to North America. Formosan termites are the only species which was transported to U.S. following World War II and are found mostly in California, Florida and along the Gulf Coast.
Termites have three body segments (head, thorax, and abdomen) that are joined broadly, unlike those of ants. Species aside, termites are divided into the following broad categories:
Termite larvae are very small and white in color. The immatures are cared for by the other termites in the nest until they develop into a worker. Whether they become a reproductive or worker depends on the needs of the colony and will be determined during molting.
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Termites are identified in a couple of different ways. The primary thing that people need to keep in mind is that many times to find evidence of action you truly need to conduct a thorough termite inspection.
Termite droppings (Frass)A pile of stool pellets can be indicative of a termite infestation. The termite droppings often resemble sawdust, as the feces is comprised of the timber the termites consume.
SwarmersTermite swarms will be the #1 way that many homeowners recognize they have a termite infestation. These winged termites emerge from nests in huge groups. Individuals will see these winged insects pop out and fly around in swarms near a home. Swarmers are looking to mate and contact the ground.
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Mud tubesFor subterranean termites, you can identify activity by identifying mud tubes (also called foraging tubes) that termites use for transportation from soil to cellulose substance (AKA your home ). They'll build mud tubes whenever they'll be subjected to light and predators. In this manner they have a secure travel way to get from Point A to Point B..
You can often find termites on foundation walls where there's an expansion seam where they can get in the structural timber that is resting on the top of the foundation (basement walls or crawl space walls). Sometimes you will find termites in the corner of the joists and also the header planks in the substructure of a home.
Termite galleries and ruined woodAnother manner you can identify termite activity is to examine ruined timber for termite galleries. For people that are not trained, it can be challenging to do. Generally, subterranean termite galleries proceed with the grain of this wood. These galleries may often contain sand. Termites want to keep an optimal humidity/moisture degree wherever theyre traveling because they desiccate relatively easily.
Termite galleries are generally found on the substructure of a property such as the basement or a crawlspace. If you examine the structures look at here header board and floor joists that break upon the foundation wall, then you may be able to identify the gallery. At the point in time, its highly recommended to call in a professional.
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Drywood termites are a little bit different. They dont originate from the soil. They really gallery outside and live in the wood theyre infesting and feeding on. In locations where drywoods are prevalent, you may often find them infesting attics, ceiling joists, roof rafters, on the wooden exteriors of homes, wood posts, wood groove boards, exposed rafter tails and other wooden constructions in and around a home.You will not find mud in drywood termite galleries but you will find mosquito pellets.
The pellets almost seem like heavy grain sand. The colour of drywood termite pellets can vary depending on the kind of wood they're infesting on. .
Depending on where you reside in the United States, the termite pressures confronted may be very different. In the United States, there are approximately 50 species of termites, only 20 of which are of concern for structures.Subterranean termites are the most common species of termites in most places in the U.S.
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In states like California and Florida, drywood termites are only as prevalent as subterranean termites. .
Termites consume cellulose substance. They'll feed on anything that contains cellulose. Most houses are constructed of conventional lumber that contain cellulose. Termites have also been known to feed on cardboard, paper, cotton shirts or anything that contains cellulose for a food source.